Food Pyramid and School Dinners: Government Guidelines
The food pyramid aims to help us all improve our diets and live a healthier, longer, life. But for parents and children, the process of choosing food is often not entirely in their own hands – school meals provide many children with one third, or more, of their calories and nutritional intake every day.
New government guidelines have been created to help schools and their caterers to provide our children with better nutritional choices. Understanding the guidelines can help you to give your children better tools to make their own food choices when you’re not there to supervise them.
The first thing to be aware of is that there is a clear government statement that there is no such thing as healthy or unhealthy foods, only healthy or unhealthy diets. This means that you can relax straight away about what you eat – no foods are ruled in or out, it’s just a question of balance and proportion!
Healthy Eating Guidelines For SchoolsThe guidelines go on to say that children aged five and over need:
- a balanced diet – this means plenty of variety in the foods eaten and foods that provide enough energy for growth and development
- lots of foods rich in fibre like bread and rice, or pasta, potatoes and yams which are often not eaten enough by children
- many different fruits and vegetables on a daily basis
- not too much dairy, meat and fish
- few foods that contain a lot of fat, especially saturated fat
- sugary foods and drinks as occasional treats only.
This definition of a healthy diet is based on government research that shows that many British children eat too much fat and have sugar high foods and drinks on a daily basis. This means that children, as a whole, are getting fatter, and that they develop a ‘sweet tooth’ which means that they find natural foods less sweet to their palate and so prefer foods with added sugars. Over time this can lead to many health problems. Also, children aged five to sixteen make high demands on their body in their work and play and just in developing into adults – as a result, a poor diet can cause them to have weaker bodies and physical systems than they deserve.
Because children use vast amounts of energy, it can be difficult to find the right balance of foods. They need high intakes of energy, calcium, and iron and girls in particular are sometimes found to lack iron, meaning that they develop anaemia. Calcium is important for strong bones and foods containing folates (folic acid and Vitamin B9) are vital to the healthy development of girls and young women. Schools are encouraged to ensure that school dinners off a range of choices that are rich in calcium, folates and iron.
School Meals - Daily ContentsIn essence this means that school dinners should contain:
- Starchy foods on a daily basis
- Fruit and vegetables, which should be available daily, and fruit-based desserts twice weekly
- Milk and dairy foods, preferably in the lower fat options
- Meat, fish and alternative sources of protein – while red meat has to served twice a week and fish once a week, dietary guidelines have to cater to those who have religious or cultural restrictions in their diets or who prefer not to eat any form of meat.
- Drinking water should be available daily, free of charge.Milk as a drink should be available as part of school meals.A hot meal should be served, where possible, in winter.
Helping With Healthy Eating at HomeAt home you can support these recommendations for healthy eating by:
Finding out what your child ate and providing foods in the food groups that haven’t been chosen for lunch – so if your child had cheese sandwiches for lunch, go for a red meat or lentil option for dinner. To get information from your child, especially younger ones, give them a paper plate and get them to draw their lunch on it with coloured pencils – they are much happier to do this than to list foods!
Teaching an older child how the food pyramid and healthy eating plate work, so that they can make healthy food choices over the week at school, for example if they have chips on Monday and Tuesday, they can choose rice or wholemeal bread for meals later in the week.